Horizontal barriers

Rising damp in masonry over a period of time can lead to considerable damage. Indication of damage are salt efflorescence, flaking plaster, rotting wall-paper and the formation of mould which can be harmful to health. Using a patented system an anti-rot and permanently flexible synthetic resin is injected into the masonry. Thus a subsequent horizontal barrier is installed and moisture rising via the capillaries is successfully stopped.

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Horizontal barriers beneath rising walls

A horizontal waterproofing beneath walls in new construction is required to avoid rising moisture due to capillary action in masonry or concrete. For this field of application many KÖSTER products can be used. KÖSTER Fix-Tape 10 AW is a self adhesive waterproofing tape which is easy and fast to apply. Alternatively the waterproofing slurry KÖSTER NB 1 Grey (mixed with KÖSTER NB 1 Flex) or the crack bridging waterproofing material KÖSTER NB Elastic Grey are used.

Always adhere to the specifications in the respective Technical Guidelines.

Horizontal barriers with unpressurised injection

Rising (or "wicking") moisture is among the most frequently encountered causes of damage in masonry walls. The results are clearly identifiable through the spalling of plaster, damaged joints and bricks, and also through salt efflorescence and algae growth. Damage from rising moisture can be avoided by the installation of a horizontal barrier.

The easiest and most successful KÖSTER system to install a horizontal barrier in existing walls is the KÖSTER Suction Angle System with KÖSTER Crisin®76. KÖSTER Crisin®76 is a very thin fluid resin which penetrates into the smallest capillaries in the building material, stops the capillary action permanently and also has a hydrophobizing effect.

Boreholes are drilled regularly spaced depending on the wall thickness. KÖSTER Crisin®76 is injected without pressure into the wall via the KÖSTER Suction Angle and the KÖSTER Capillary Rod which acts as a wick. The pressureless system uses the same capillary action which is the cause for rising damp. Thereby rising moisture is stopped with the aid of its cause. The big advantage of the KÖSTER Capillary Rod is that it doesn’t waste material in cracks or voids. Only where the Rod touches the wall of the borehole will the material be released.

In some cases such as in less moist walls KÖSTER Mautrol Liquid Sealant can also be applied. Before the application an analyses of the moisture content and the salt content must be carried out.

In cases where damage is caused by rising moisture the old plaster has to be removed from the wall. After the installation of the horizontal barrier the application of KÖSTER Restoration Plaster is required. KÖSTER Restoration Plaster allows the masonry to dry without damage. KÖSTER Restoration plasters are open to diffusion and are hydrophobic. Salts remaining in the wall are absorbed by the KÖSTER Restoration Plasters so the salt doesn’t effloresce to the surface and doesn’t cause damage to the plaster or paint.

KÖSTER Restoration Plasters are available in different varieties (grey, white, fast and light). KÖSTER Restoration Plaster 2 White is often used in older buildings without subsequent painting. KÖSTER Plaster Coat creates a very smooth surface and can be applied when desired to meet architectural goals. KÖSTER Restoration Plasters can only be painted over with breathable (open to vapor diffusion) paints such as KÖSTER Silicon Paint White or KÖSTER MF1.

Always adhere to the specifications in the respective Technical Guidelines.

Horizontal barriers with pressure injection for voidless masonry

Fast and effective: The installation of a horizontal barrier via pressurized injection. When it is possible to ensure that the wall is free of cracks or voids, the horizontal barrier can be installed with a pressurized injection system. Cracks and voids which become apparent during the drilling process can be filled with KÖSTER Borehole Suspension. After filling, the borehole is re-drilled.

Suitable injection liquids for this kind of application are KÖSTER Mautrol® 2C and KÖSTER Mautrol® Flex 2C. Two component materials have a faster setting time which causes a quicker blockage of the capillaries.

In cases where damage is caused by rising moisture the old plaster has to be removed from the wall. After the installation of a horizontal barrier the application of KÖSTER Restoration Plaster is required. KÖSTER Restoration Plaster allows the masonry to dry without damage. KÖSTER Restoration plasters are open to diffusion and are hydrophobic. Salts remaining in the wall are absorbed by the KÖSTER Restoration Plasters so the salt doesn’t effloresce to the surface and doesn’t cause damage to the plaster or paint.

KÖSTER Restoration Plasters are available in different varieties (grey, white, fast and light). KÖSTER Restoration Plaster 2 White is often used in older buildings without subsequent painting. KÖSTER Plaster Coat creates a very smooth surface and can be applied when desired to meet architectural goals. KÖSTER Restoration Plasters can only be painted over with breathable (open to vapor diffusion) paints such as KÖSTER Silicon Paint White or KÖSTER MF1.

Always adhere to the specifications in the respective Technical Guidelines.

Restoration of masonry with restoration plasters

When masonry is just slightly moist often a restoration with KÖSTER Restoration Plasters is enough to dry the wall and stop damage from occurring. In this case the old plaster has to be removed from the wall and the joints raked out. All loose particles have to be removed to provide a stable and absorptive, open-pored surface. Priming with KÖSTER Polysil TG 500 optimally prepares the masonry for the application of KÖSTER Restoration Plaster. KÖSTER Polysil TG 500 hardens the substrate as well as reduces the mobility of salts. Masonry repairs are carried out with KÖSTER Repair Mortar Plus.

Before the application of the main plaster coat, a plaster key made from the chosen KÖSTER Restoration Plaster mixed with KÖSTER SB-Bonding Emulsion is applied to provide a larger surface area and to ensure an optimal bond to the substrate.

KÖSTER Restoration Plaster allows the masonry to dry without damage. KÖSTER Restoration plasters are open to diffusion and are hydrophobic. Salts remaining in the wall are absorbed by the KÖSTER Restoration Plasters so the salt doesn’t effloresce to the surface and doesn’t cause damage to the plaster or paint.

KÖSTER Restoration Plasters are available in different varieties (grey, white, fast and light). KÖSTER Restoration Plaster 2 White is often used in older buildings without subsequent painting. KÖSTER Plaster Coat creates a very smooth surface and can be applied when desired to meet architectural goals. KÖSTER Restoration Plasters can only be painted over with breathable (open to vapor diffusion) paints such as KÖSTER Silicon Paint White or KÖSTER MF1.

Always adhere to the specifications in the respective Technical Guidelines.

 

 

 

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